Designing for Large-Scale Urban Renewal in Fishermans Bend
Fishermans Bend Urban Design Strategy
Department of Environment, Water, Land and Planning
The Urban Design Strategy was completed in 2017. Our work informed revised planning controls which were approved by Minister for Planning in 2018 and now apply to all new development.
Fishermans Bend is Australia’s largest urban renewal project. In 2012, 250 hectares of land on the edge of Melbourne’s CBD was rezoned to deliver an ambitious transformation of an existing industrial area into four new mixed-use neighbourhoods housing 80,000 people and 40,000 employees. The rezoning preceded any planning work creating significant challenges in delivering on the vision. The urban renewal project has a 35 year timeline, and as such, considered approaches to land use, density and the built form will be imperative to the precinct’s success.
Between 2012 and 2015, the project was subject to a series of planning interventions that accumulated in a confused and highly contested planning context and low community confidence in the future of the area. In 2016, the planning for Fishermans Bend was recast, and significant work was initiated for new transport, open space and infrastructure planning as well as the preparation of an urban design strategy to guide the overall character of each neighbourhood, densities and land use mix.
The Work We Did
A key challenge in the development of an urban design strategy was arresting poor development trends that were emerging in development permit approvals. This included very high residential densities, inadequate building separation and a lack of housing diversity.
Our work aligned the identified strategic objectives for Fishermans Bend, including the enhancement of employment opportunities, creation of new open public space and streets, and the delivery affordable housing, with the design objectives, including the creation of walkable, healthy and characterful neighbourhoods.
The urban design strategy introduced sophisticated built form controls that support flexible design outcomes and design excellence. This included support for hybrid developments that incorporate a range of housing typologies, the introduction of density controls to manage overall growth and tailored built form controls to support the realisation of the preferred neighbourhood character in each precinct.
Our work was informed by comprehensive 3d built form testing to enable the development of tailored controls that responded to site conditions within each precinct.
Leanne Hodyl was the key urban design expert witness for the state government and successfully argued for the introduction of a new design approach.
As a Result of Our Work
The planning for Fishermans Bend has been highly controversial, with diverse stakeholders challenging the proposed development outcomes for the area over the past 6 years. The Urban Design Strategy was finalised in 2017 and provided the strategic justification to support significant revisions to the existing planning controls. The revised planning controls will now guide the transformation of each precinct into well-designed, characterful and diverse mixed-use precincts. These were supported in a review by an independent panel and now apply to all new development.